Having wisdom teeth surgically extracted is a process that most people dread. Wisdom tooth extraction is a procedure better described as a surgery. During this procedure, one or more of the wisdom teeth are removed. If you are unfamiliar with where your wisdom teeth are located, they are the four permanent teeth that are in the far back corners of your mouth. You have wisdom teeth on the top and the bottom of your mouth.
If a wisdom tooth does not have room to fully erupt, better known as an impacted wisdom tooth, it can result in a lot of pain, serious infection, and other future dental problems. A wisdom tooth that does not have room to grow in completely will need to be pulled. Depending on the individual situation, this procedure will be done by either a dentist, or a dental surgeon.
The Reason Most Wisdom Teeth Are Extracted
Even if your wisdom teeth are not currently impacted, your dentist may recommend having them removed to prevent future problems. These problems may not arise for many years, but there is always a potential for them to develop.
Wisdom teeth, or the third molars, are the last set of permanent teeth to come in. They usually make their appearance when a person is between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people never see the appearance of their wisdom teeth, yet others have them come in on time without any problems.
It is well-known that people who have impacted wisdom teeth developed the condition because they did not have room in their mouth or the teeth to erupt the way they should. Impacted wisdom teeth have been known to erupt partially, and they are also known to never make an appearance on their own.
There are many strange things that can be expected from an impacted wisdom tooth. There is no standard way for one to come in, and the way yours will come in greatly depends on the number of teeth you already have, and how large your wisdom teeth are. Here are some of the common behaviors of impacted wisdom teeth:
- Grow in at an angle, aiming themselves toward the second molar
- Grown in at an angle, aiming toward the back of the mouth
- Grow in at an angle where it lays down against the jawbone
- Grow straight up and down like other back teeth, but remain trapped in the jawbone
Even if your impacted wisdom teeth are not causing any symptoms, you will most likely need to have them extracted in the future. Impacted wisdom teeth cause serious problems, including.
- Pain, sometimes severe
- Trapping food and other mouth debris behind it
- Create infection or gum disease, possibly periodontal disease
- Lead to tooth decay
- Damage nearby teeth and bone
- Development of a cyst, or fluid filled sack, around the tooth
- Complicate orthodontic treatment
How to Prevent Dental Problems in the Future
There is a consensus between dental professionals that patients are provided great value from having their impacted wisdom teeth extracted. Even if they are not experiencing any problems. This is because it is difficult to predict whether there will be future problems associated with the impacted tooth.
Even symptom free impacted wisdom teeth can cause serious risks to your dental health, and possibly dental decay. Other possibilities for future complications include.
- If there is not enough space for your wisdom teeth to erupt, or fully emerge, cleaning around them can be difficult, leading to potential decay.
- Complications occur with younger less often in younger adults with impacted wisdom teeth. Therefore, dentists prefer to remove them before problems develop.
- Adults who are older when they develop complications and can face potential difficulties during surgery.
Most dental extractions do not result in the patient developing long-term complications. However, just like with any dental extraction, there are some risks involved with the surgery.
Sometimes, the extraction of impacted wisdom teeth involves an invasive surgical approach. This involves making an incision in the side of the gum and removing a piece of bone from the jaw. If this approach is used, there is a rare chance of complications developing, including.
- Dry socket, a condition that is very painful. Typically caused by the blood clot breaking lose at the site of the surgical incision. This causes the bone to become exposed to air.
- Infection inside the socket from entrapped food particles.
- Damage to nearby teeth during extraction.
- Damage to nerves, the jawbone, or sinuses during extraction.
As you can see, wisdom teeth that fail to erupt completely, or fail to erupt at all, can pose serious complications, and lead to surgical extraction. If you have any questions about your need for wisdom tooth extraction, or your wisdom teeth are not coming in correctly, contact your dentist to find out about possible …